We are talking about defects in real property law. The topic may sound a little like a law school class, but anyone buying or selling property should understand how the law treats patent (obvious) and latent (hidden) defects. Please note, though, that this is meant as a general discussion, not a close explanation of Maryland law.
What makes something patent and not latent is what it takes to discover it. A reasonable inspection of the property should uncover any patent defects. In either commercial or residential property, a patent defect could be a crack in the foundation or a leaky roof. Anything that should turn up in an inspection could be a patent defect.